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Types of Scintillators

Scintillator is a scintillation material that can produce fluorescence after absorbing high-energy particles or rays (gamma-rays, X-rays, alpha-rays, beta-rays, neutron, etc.), and plays an indispensable role in the field of radiation detection. The scintillators supplied by OST Photonics are mainly divided into two categories: inorganic scintillators and plastic scintillators. According to the different characteristics and applications of the scintillators, OST Photonics can manufacture scintillation screens (GAGG(Ce) scintillation screens, LuAG(Ce) scintillation screens, LuAG(Pr) scintillation screens, LYSO(Ce) scintillation screens, YAG(Ce) scintillation screens and YAP(Ce) scintillation screens etc.), encapsulated scintillators (CsI(Na) encapsulated scintillators, CsI(Tl) encapsulated scintillators, LaBr3(Ce) encapsulated scintillators and NaI(Tl) encapsulated scintillators), scintillator arrays (BGO array, CdWO4 array, CsI(Tl) array, GAGG(Ce) array, LaBr3(Ce) array and LYSO(Ce) array), scintillation detectors (NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors, LaBr3(Ce) scintillation detectors etc.) and other customized products.

Types of Scintillators



What is a Scintillator?


A scintillator is a scintillation material that converts incoming radiation into visible light. The scintillator is usually made of crystals or plastic, in which specific fluorescent substances are doped. When high-energy particles or electromagnetic radiation enter the scintillator, they interact with the scintillation material and excite a large number of photons. These resulting photons undergo multiple reflections and absorptions inside the scintillator before eventually escaping and being captured by the detector. By measuring the number of captured photons, the energy and properties of the original radiation can be determined. If you want to learn more about scintillator materials, plastic scintillators, scintillator arrays, and scintillation detectors, please do not hesitate to contact OST Photonics, we are professinal scintillator manufacturer.


Characteristics of Scintillation Crystals


Here are some detailed explanations of scintillation crystal characteristics:


1. Scintillation efficiency: the scintillation efficiency of a scintillation crystal refers to its ability to convert incident particle energy into visible light output. Different types of scintillation crystals have different scintillation efficiencies, and some of them have higher efficiencies that convert more incident particle energy into visible light.

For example, NaI(Tl) crystals have high scintillation efficiency and are widely used in nuclear medicine to detect radioisotopes.


2. Energy resolution: This is a measure of the degree to which a scintillation crystal distinguishes between different energy inputs. Good energy resolution means that the crystal can accurately distinguish between the signals generated by receiving particles of different energies.

For example, lead germanate (PbWO4), one of the most widely used materials in experiments at the Large Hadron Collider, is outstanding for its color purity, fast response, and extremely low background noise.


3. Time resolution:Time resolution describes the minimum time interval that a scintillation crystal detector has reached or may reach in recording the time of an event. Good time resolution means that the scintillation crystal can accurately determine the sequence and duration of events and provide the data processing required for combined use with other instruments. For example, the use of silicon-based PET detectors in positron emission tomography requires good time resolution to identify and locate radioactive sources.


In summary, by selecting the appropriate type and properties of scintillation crystals, we can obtain the characteristics of high efficiency, accuracy, and sensitivity according to needs, and apply them to various fields including nuclear medicine, high energy physics experiments, etc.


How Scintillator Array Works?


A scintillator array is a device that consists of multiple scintillators arranged in a specific pattern or configuration.  These scintillators are materials that emit light when they interact with high-energy particles or radiation.


The working principle of a scintillator array involves the detection and conversion of incoming radiation into visible light signals.  When high-energy particles or photons enter the scintillator material, they collide with its atoms, causing excitation and ionization.  This energy transfer process results in the emission of photons, which are then detected by photodetectors such as photomultiplier tubes or silicon photomultipliers.


The arrangement of scintillators in an array allows for efficient detection and localization of radiation events.  By analyzing the timing and intensity of the emitted light signals from different elements within the array, scientists can determine various properties of the incident radiation, such as its energy, directionality, and spatial distribution.


Scintillator arrays find applications in various fields including medical imaging (such as positron emission tomography), nuclear physics experiments, homeland security (for detecting radioactive materials), environmental monitoring (to measure radioactivity levels), and even astrophysics research (for studying cosmic rays).


Overall, a scintillator array plays a crucial role in detecting and characterizing high-energy particles or radiation by converting them into detectable light signals.  Its ability to provide precise information about these radiations makes it an essential tool for scientific research and practical applications across different disciplines.


Hot Scintillators You May Be Interested In



YAP Scintillator

Sodium Iodide Scintillator

LYSO Scintillator

GAGG Scintillator

YAG Scintillator

Pure CsI

Glass Scintillators

 CsI TI Scintillator

YSO Scintillator

LSO Scintillator

LaBr3 Ce scintillator

CdWO4 Scintillator

Plastic Scintillator

LuAG Scintillator

BGO Scintillator

CsI Na Scintillators


FAQs of Scintillators and Scintillation Detectors

How scintillation detector (scintillation crystal+PMT) works?

The scintillation detectors rely on the fundamentals of gamma-ray interactions that generate light pulses, which are then detected in a photomultiplier and converted to a voltage pulse for further signal processing.

What is a scintillation detector?

A scintillation detector is a device used to detect radiation. Scintillation detector usually consists of a scintillator and associated electronics that can convert incident radiation into observable light or electrical signals.

What is a scintillator array?

A scintillator array consists of a number of scintillator pixels arranged uniformly in one or two dimensions, and the gap between adjacent pixels is filled with an opaque substance to prevent crosstalk. Most of the gap fillers have a high reflectivity for visible light, which not only effectively prevents light crosstalk between different pixels but also significantly improves light collection efficiency.

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Head Office: No. 66, 8 Group, Chengbei Village, Yanguan Town, Jiaxing 314411, China;

Hangzhou Branch: Room 1012, Chunhua Bussiness Center, No. 159, Hangbo Street, Shangcheng District, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang, China
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